In Britain between 1820 and 1860, textile processes began to become more and more industrialized. There was concern and fear that this industrialization would dilute craftsmanship and design, but also adversely affect the lives of ordinary people who had relied on these skills for a living.
Several creative and movements began out of this era, The Arts and Crafts movement was one of them. Created as an opposition to industrialization and the annual Royal Academy exhibition named ‘The Art and Crafts Exhibition Society’ that despite the title actually only contained easel paintings. Their aim was to show that fine and applied arts were equal and that hand making still had a place and purpose. Their ideals were based on simple forms that used nature as it’s source using quality materials. The two main proponents were theorist and critic John Ruskin and the designer William Morris.
This movement encompassed many societies and manufacturers and became so prolific and influential that these ideals began to be taken up in many other countries.